Rigged: The Voter Suppression Playbook

View our October 10th program presented jointly with the Jesse M. Unruh Institute of Politics and the USC Center for thePolitical Future. Click here.
Is the voting system in the United States rigged? What is the impact of gerrymandering and campaign contributions? Are ordinary people locked out of the political process? 

Watch a fascinating discussion with,

Christian Grose, USC Professor of Political Science,

Danielle Cendejas, Senior Vice President, The Strategy Group,

Tim Smith, Executive Producer, "Rigged: The Voter Suppression Playbook" film, and Gentry Collins, former political director of the Republican National Committee.

The program is moderated by Bob Shrum, director of USC's Center for the Political Future.  

Deadline LA Radio Broadcast

Community Advocates' president David A. Lehrer was a guest on Deadline L.A. on September 24th at 6:30PM on 90.7 FM (KPFK).

Deadline L. A. examines the media, state and local news and newsworthy cultural events. It is hosted by Howard Blume, an education reporter at The Los Angeles Times. Lehrer and Blume are joined by Jill Barshay, a reporter with The Hechinger Report---a non-profit independent news organization.   

The program discusses a recently issued study that found that a community's preference for Trump is associated with higher rates of teasing and bullying in Virginia middle schools.  

These are among the first findings of a "trickle down" effect of Trumpian politics, words and action.

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Connecting the Dots---After the Fact

September 4, 2018

This past weekend the movie Operation Finale opened. It is the story of the historic identification, abduction and trial of the architect of Nazi Germany's Final Solution, Adolf Eichmann, by the Israeli government. He was arrested in Argentina in 1960, the trial took place in Israel in December 1961 and Eichmann was hanged in June 1962.

What is of some interest to me are the several commentators and critics of the movie who raise the question as to why Eichmann wasn't nabbed sooner---after all, they write, there were reports Eichmann sightings in Argentina well prior to his abduction in 1960.

As one who monitored extremists and received reports of Nazi sightings over my 27years with the Anti- Defamation League ("ADL"), I can vouch for the fact that it is far easier to connect the dots after the fact than when they are being observed-----it is rarely clear at a given time that what a "witness" sees is, in fact, true, accurate or worthy of follow up. People often see what they want to see and recollect with a greater certainty than is warranted. 

A brilliant analysis of "post hoc dot connecting" was offered by Malcolm Gladwell in The New Yorker and later in his best-selling book, The Tipping Point. It's never as obvious in the moment whether "evidence" confirms a "fact." 

In 1980, I was the counsel and director of "fact-finding" for the ADL for the western United States. Among other activities, my job entailed monitoring extremist groups. We would read publications, "cover" meetings, and otherwise monitor the workings and leaders of far right and far left extremist groups---from neo-Nazis to the Posse Comitatus, and the Klan, to PLO front groups to pro-Soviet activists. We were magnets for folks providing "tips" and tidbits of information about what they thought were relevant goings on. 

One day I received a call from Sig Halbreich, an elderly Holocaust survivor and a leader in the survivor community. Sig, as the Los Angeles Times' obit in 2008  noted, 

became one of the Holocaust's most vocal witnesses, giving talks in elementary schools, high schools, colleges, churches and synagogues. By the time he stopped, about three years ago [2005], he had given 2,500 free lectures around the world on the abominations he lived through during Hitler's reign. 

Sig had spent over five years in concentration camps, including more than twoyears in Auschwitz, where, because of his pharmacy training, he worked in the  camp hospital. Sig had lectured to school children about his experiences for the  ADL and numerous other groups. He was indefatigable. 

One day in Spring, 1980 Sig called me to arrange a meeting to tell me some  "very important news." He came to my office at 6505 Wilshire Boulevard and, in hushed tones, revealed that he had found where Josef Mengele, the infamous "Angel of Death" of Auschwitz, was hiding. I was, naturally, intrigued by the notion that an 80+ year old survivor in LA had discovered where the most notorious of all living Nazis was hiding. I held my breath. 

Sig proceeded to tell me that Mengele was playing piano in a restaurant bar on Vermont Avenue in the Los Feliz section of Los Angeles, at a  place called Luigi's. 

Being a lifelong resident of Los Feliz I knew exactly where Luigi's was. At first  blush (and second and third as well) it seemed odd to me that of all the places on  the planet, Mengele would have chosen to "hide out" in a city with over half a million Jews and thousands of Holocaust survivors. There were clearly alternative locales----even in the US, let alone around the world--where the likelihood of meeting someone who might recognize him would be considerably less than LA. 

Additionally, there were top notch law enforcement agencies which were actively pursuing Nazis.  Not only were the Israelis looking for him, but the United States government had a then brand-new Office of Special Investigations ("OSI") in the  US Department of Justice that was specifically created to find and prosecute Nazi war criminals. 

Halbreich explained that he had visited Luigi's twice and was "certain" that the  pianist was the missing Mengele. He told me that given his experiences in  Auschwitz and the numerous times during his time there that he had seen evildoer, there was no doubt in his mind that the pianist was who he said it was. 

Despite my skepticism, I promised Sig that I would follow up. I happened to know  an investigator in Washington, DC who worked for the Office of Special  Investigations ("OSI") --the perfect person to ask to investigate the allegation. 

My contact promised to "check it out," and he did.   

He got both the OSI team and the FBI to investigate and they determined that the pianist at Luigi's was NOT Mengele, he wasn't even German---rather a South American immigrant with some musical talent. 

Sig never believed what the government concluded, or I reported to him--he was convinced that he had found Mengele. He described the Mengele sighting in his autobiography, Before-During-After, published in 1991 (over a decade after the  Luigi investigation) that "I saw him at Luigi's in Los Angeles." 

The writers of Operation Finale can be forgiven if they have a few facts wrong intheir version of events six decades ago, hardly a major issue. It is also mistaken to assert, as some have, that the Israelis weren't committed to finding Nazi war criminals even if they didn't manage to pursue every "hot" lead---some of them weren't so "hot."

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The Obligation to Speak Up in the Age of Trump




August 2018

Many in the Jewish world has been fascinated by the internecine discussion on the role of our leaders, from Federations to rabbis, regarding speaking up about Donald Trump. Do Jewish leaders, especially as we approach the High Holidays and are called to have an "accounting of our souls," have a moral, religious or civic obligation to provide leadership and guidance in these challenging times?

For many Jewish organizations Trump and his actions are viewed as a partisan political matter---he has advocates and supporters and naysayers and detractors, nothing out of the ordinary drama and tension of politics in their view (at least as expressed publicly).

That attitude views Trump as within the traditional American political vocabulary---highly partisan but the leader of a Republican regime that Democrats and "liberals/progressives"  naturally, and reflexively, deride. Many Jewish organizations and leaders have decided that the dysfunction and bigotry that has been on display in the Oval Office is simply "politics as usual."

Trump's ostensible support for Israel gives further justification to these leaders to avoid controversy and maintain their silence. Federations are caught between what most of their members perceive as a dangerous president (some 70% of the Jewish community remain affiliated with the Democrats and reject Trump) while a vocal minority views Trump as a leader worthy of support and, perhaps more importantly, a vessel of pro-Israel policy (about 25%). 

Either the Trump supporters are enormously, and disproportionately, generous to Federations and thus hold sway in enforcing omerta, or Federation leaders can't read polls.

Rabbis, the spiritual leaders of the community, have similarly been caught in a bind. Many have traditionally adopted self-protective policies of avoiding "partisan" political issues. For a clergyman whose congregation contains Republicans, independents and Democrats having an iron clad rule of "no politics from the pulpit" cushions them from pressures that could be divisive, destabilizing and even explosive.

The dilemma that both Federations and rabbis face is deciding whether Trump is so out of the ordinary that the normal rules of neutrality and the pareve avoidance of taking a stand remain acceptable courses of (in)action. Is Trump so extraordinarily different that the failure to speak out is an abdication of leadership and the silent acquiescence to a threat to the functioning of our democracy?

For many observers of the American scene that question has been asked and answered---Trump is sui generis and dangerous. The New Yorker's David Remnick last week wrote:

It should serve as a warning to Americans in the era of Donald Trump about the fragility of principles and institutions, particularly when those principles and institutions are under attack by a leader who was ostensibly elected to protect them.

.... Trump's rages...are part of a concerted effort to undermine precepts of American constitutionalism and to cast his lot with the illiberal and authoritarian movements now on the rise around the world.

...His targets include immigrants, African-Americans, Latinos, women, Muslims, judges, environmentalists, and any person--foreign or domestic--who dares to question him.

As a lawyer who has spent over forty years in the civil rights field (twenty-seven as the counsel and director of the Anti-Defamation League in Los Angeles) I have no hesitation in echoing Remnick's analysis of the unique danger presented by Trump.

He is as dangerous a threat to the security of the Jewish community, other minority groups and our democracy as any overt, blaring anti-Semite or racist that has emerged in the United States over the past half century.

For decades, I was a "fact-finder" (i.e. I closely monitored the activities of extremists of the right and left) studying and intimately knowing the machinations of the David Dukes, the Gerald L. K Smiths, the Tom Metzgers, the Richard Butlers, the Aryan Nations, the Posse Comitatus, the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Louis Farrakhan, the Organization of Arab Students, and countless other extremists.

They were irritants---occasionally dangerous and threatening---but they spoke in a confined echo chamber. Their reach and impact were severely limited by society's overwhelming rejection of their divisive, hateful messages and, most importantly, the fact that American political leadership and establishment voices---whether Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford, or Ronald Reagan, the George Bushes or Bill Clinton or Barack Obama---openly, unambiguously and frequently condemned their appeals to bigotry.

While there were the occasional, temporary violations of norms (e.g. Willie Horton ads), there never was a leader who would avoid condemning the rhetoric of division or the bigots who made overt appeals to bigotry. For decades, poll after poll revealed the increasing acceptance of norms of tolerance and civility and the valuing of diversity and our leaders mirrored those views. Extremists were rejected and ostracized. No politician who valued their office dared to consort with, or in any way excuse or justify, bigots.

Unfortunately, in the age of instant and constant news, many now assume that if someone isn't wearing a hood and sheet, spewing racial invective or otherwise engaging in vulgar and overt bigotry they are less of a threat. In fact, a suit and tie and the trappings of power simply mask bigotry---the absence of shrill invective does not lessen the danger or threat----it heightens them through misdirection.

Trump's rhetoric of division, his manifest racism and targeting of minorities, his rejection of argumentation based on facts and data and his dismissive abandonment of reason are the very tools that bigots have used and are using to persuade the disgruntled and the unhappy. He blatantly erodes the norms that our society in general, and in particular minorities, have relied on to protect those who are different. We all become the easy targets of calumnies and conspiracy theories when there is no appeal to reason and rationality.

No president in living memory has come close to having the corrosive impact of Trump on our historic norms of inter-group relations. He promotes (indeed he seems to relish) division, rancor, provoking tension, hate and even violence.  

As Admiral William McRaven wrote to Trump last week, "Through your actions, you have embarrassed us in the eyes of our children, humiliated us on the world stage and, worst of all, divided us as a nation."

There is no viable argument that the era of Trump is "politics as usual." In real time he undermines the protections that have kept Jews and other minorities safe in America for decades. 

This is the moment, the High Holidays are the time, when Jewish leaders must look into their souls (cheshbon ha'nefesh) and decide what they are about. Do the outliers who admire Trump call the shots and veto our leaders' speaking out for decency and American and Jewish security? Or, do our leaders follow what is manifestly the proper, moral and correct course---condemn this president for the clear and present danger he is to our nation and our community.

Whatever Happened to Civility in America?

by Morley Winograd and Michael D. Hais                                                               07/26/2018

The “us vs. them” tone of American politics, most visibly emanating from the White House, but infecting all the country’s political rhetoric, has now spread to daily life. The polarization leads some to question the country’s ability to keep its democratic traditions and hold together as one nation. A recent poll conducted with bipartisan sponsorship by the Biden and Bush Institutes found that 50% of Americans believe that the United States is in “Real danger of becoming a nondemocratic authoritarian country and 80% of Americans are either very or somewhat concerned about the condition of our democracy.”

This is not the first time such concerns have been driven by generational, economic, and cultural disruption. The 1975 musical, Chicago, captured the lament of many Americans in the Jazz Age of the 1920’s as the Lost Generation, memorialized by F. Scott Fitzgerald, blew up the prevailing Victorian values of the time. The opening lines of the song sound as current today as they were when they were first sung on Broadway in the year after President Richard Nixon’s resignation from office.

“Whatever happened to fair dealing
And pure ethics
And nice manners?
Why is it now everyone’s a pain in the ass?
Whatever happened to class?”

You have Democratic Socialists harassing the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security as she tried to eat dinner in a Washington restaurant and a leading member of Congress inviting citizens to harass people working in the White House. At the same time Congressman Adam Schiff has been accosted on the street in his suburban district by people shouting, “There’s that ass hole. He’s the son of a bitch trying to get Trump.” To put it mildly, nice manners seem to be disappearing across the country.

The most recent annual study of civility in America by Weber Shandwick and Powell Tate, in partnership with KRC Research, found that four of five Americans experienced incidents of incivility in a wide variety of places and settings. These included “most typically while shopping (39%), while driving (39%) or on social media (38%).” The frequency of such incidents has increased markedly since Donald Trump became President. From 2016 to 2018, incidents of incivility experienced by individual Americans each week, both on and off line, rose by over two-thirds—from 6.2 to 10.6 incidents.

It’s not that Americans no longer value civility. Of those surveyed, 84% said civility builds national pride and 71% said it helps ease tension and conflict. Almost everyone (93%) thought the lack of civility was a problem and most (71%) hoped for a more civil future.

But hope does not constitute a strategy. To paraphrase Mark Twain, the lack of civility risks becoming like the weather: something everyone talks about, but no one does anything about it.

That’s not true, however, of Millennials, now in their twenties and thirties, and the generation following them, Plurals, the oldest of whom are just becoming adults. These younger generations are twice as likely as older Generation X and Baby Boomers to believe that civility will improve in the next few years. That’s because Millennials and Plurals are the generations mostly willing to do something about it by avoiding controversial topics like abortion or terrorism in their interactions with others to reduce the chances of the conversation turning uncivil.

Contrary to popular belief, this doesn’t mean that younger generations want to reduce the right of other Americans to exercise their right to freedom of speech. Research by Morris Levy, a Millennial professor of political science at USC, found that his generation, as part of their overall tendency to be tolerant and inclusive, are just as willing, if not more so, to hear people with opposing views speak their mind. But they want people to do so in a non-confrontational, polite manner, carving out an exception to First Amendment rights if someone is uncivil.

Ironically, the attitudes of younger Americans toward free speech was summed up quite well in retiring Supreme Court Justice Kennedy’s majority opinion on the question of whether or not a Colorado baker could refuse to bake a cake for a same sex marriage couple. In sending the case back to the lower courts for review, Justice Kennedy specifically cited the Colorado Civil Rights Commission’s treatment of the plaintiff, “which showed elements of a clear and impermissible hostility toward the sincere religious beliefs motivating his objection.” In other words, it’s OK for governmental entities to exercise freedom of speech, but they need to be nice about it when they do.

And, in fact, evidence is emerging that by being “nice” Millennials and Plurals are already enhancing civility in American schools and workplaces. About four in ten Plurals think training to reduce incivility, such as anti-bullying messages, should be mandatory in the nation’s schools. Such training in America’s workplaces has led to incidents of workplace incivility dropping by about 15% in the last two years.

We can only hope that this increase in civility instigated by younger generations will spread to the nation’s politics. What’s missing is a President who will contribute to establishing and encouraging a culture of civility, and an opposition willing to do the same. Hopefully this ugly period will end in the not too distant future, once Millennials and their Pluralist siblings have their say.

Dr. Michael Hais has served as Vice President for Entertainment Research at Frank N. Magid Associates. He earned his PhD in Political Science from the University of Maryland.

Morley Winograd is a Senior Fellow at the University of Southern California’s Annenberg School Center on Communication and Leadership Policy. Morley Winograd and Mike Hais are co-authors of three books on the millennial generation. Mr. Winograd is also the President of the non-profit Campaign for Free College Tuition.

The article was written in co-operation with Community Advocates, Inc.

Why Were Some LA Jewish Organizations Silent During Trump’s Immigration Crisis?


The following op/ed appeared in The Forward on July 2, 2018.

By David A. Lehrer, Rob Eshman, Janice Kamenir-Reznik and Rabbi Laura Geller*

July 2, 2018

The immediate crisis involving the separation of children from their parents at our Southern border seems to be receding. On June 26, a federal judge in California ordered that the policy of family separation be discontinued and that all separated families must be reunited.

What will not recede as quickly is the memory of how countless leaders and organizations responded to this callous display of inhumanity. What did people say and do when the president of the United States ordered agents of the state to separate mothers from their children and place those kids — some, mere toddlers — in cages where they were denied basic human needs (touching, warmth, consoling) that could cause permanent impairment?

Many Jewish organizations and leaders spoke out, organized demonstrations, showed up at detention centers and supported those organizations working to help reunite families. But some significant Jewish organizations and leaders didn’t show up, and their silence was deafening.

Two of these organizations are located in Los Angeles: The Simon Wiesenthal Center and the Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles. Both these visible, high budget organizations were sadly missing in action in the crisis that human relations, tolerance and decency just endured.

The Jewish Federation, which once had a vital community relations arm (long since abandoned), has been mute on the issue of what Trump’s policies signify. What most see as the “official” arm of the Los Angeles Jewish community chose to remain silent about the human crisis.

According to Federation leadership, a “process” needed to be followed before a statement could be issued. Whatever that process might have been resulted in the Federation missing the opportunity to speak publicly in response to this grotesque emergency.

Not that many years ago, the Federation managed to take stands on tough issues from busing to affirmative action —- the issue of incarcerating little kids is not a tough one. To hope that a crisis will blow over is not a good strategy for dealing with matters of such transcendent importance.

If the tables had been turned, and it was the Federation or the Jewish community or Israel under attack, Jewish community leadership would not be pleased when the search for allies is met with silence or inertia in the unspoken hope that the trauma will pass, and an accounting avoided.

An equally troubling response was the Simon Wiesenthal’s Center’s press release on the border crisis.

It was only on June 19, days into the crisis, that the Center’s rabbinic leadership chose to speak up about what was happening on our borders. The Center condemned the government’s actions as “unacceptable.” Not only is “unacceptable” a rather mild rebuke (a bad wine is “unacceptable”) the statement focused less on Trump’s “nativism, demagoguery and capricious cruelty” than on the criticism of critics of the president’s policies. The condemnation of this low point in American political morality was almost a perfunctory sidebar and in stark contrast to numerous Los Angeles clergy who not only voiced their deep concerns but chose to be arrested when Attorney General Sessions came to town.

In a move sure to please the Trump administration and in a bizarre twist to what taking a moral stand demands, Rabbis Marvin Hier and Abe Cooper focused their ire on those who dared to mention the Holocaust as a reminder of what Trump’s policies could lead to. Former CIA director Michael Hayden and MSNBC’s Joe Scarborough and others were “denounce[d]” for their “sickening and immoral misappropriation of the Nazi Holocaust.” They weren’t just “unacceptable,” they were “sickening and immoral.”

Neither Hayden nor Scarborough were saying that the federal government was committing a Holocaust; rather they noted that when our country is employing tactics previously utilized by the Nazis, that should be unacceptable to every American. We would add: and doubly so to every Jew.

In stark contrast, we are grateful to the Anti-Defamation League for its powerful video of Hidden Children of the Holocaust which discussed the decades-long impact of children being torn away from their parents. Would the Wiesenthal Center rabbis critique this as Holocaust “misappropriation” and “sickening and immoral”?

Silence, or equivocation, in the face of political outrages and immoral conduct ignores the most basic of the Holocaust’s lessons — the obligation to speak up, to stand up, to show up, when bigotry and hateful actions arise — even at its earliest stages.

The separation of families at our borders tested the conscience and humanity of the American people; thankfully, most Americans passed and forced a change in this barbaric practice; many Jewish organizations and leaders did as well.

Sadly, some did not answer the call — clearly placing other values ahead of a core Jewish tenet (“That which is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow”) of treating others with the respect and dignity that we ourselves would want to be accorded.

We are concerned that even with the recent decision to stop separating children from their parents at our border, much still needs to be resolved — including returning those children who have been separated from their parents to those parents (the administration has no plans to make that happen).

We expect that all our leaders, including those in the Jewish community, will stand up for and speak out for what tradition (and most especially Jewish tradition and history) requires; to do what is right and just… and compassionate.

*David Lehrer is the president of Community Advocates, Inc. a Los Angeles based human relations organization. He was counsel and regional director of the ADL for 27 years.                                  Rob Eshman is the former editor-in-chief and publisher of the Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles.                                                                                                                                       Janice Kamenir-Reznik is an attorney and community activist in Los Angeles.                             Laura Geller is the rabbi emerita of Temple Emanuel of Beverly Hills.



Trump, Fantasy and Reality

From Donald Trump to Stormy Daniels to Rudolph Giuliani to Michael Avenatti there is virtually no escape from the Washington circus---all news all the time in multiple forms.

That reality makes it all the more important to sift through the flood of information to find the incident or comments that offer some insight into what is animating the chaos and what lies ahead.

 On Wednesday the nation witnessed, but paid insufficient attention to, a clarifying moment that offered a glimmer into Donald Trump's mind and the world in which he lives.

 He and Melania attended a meeting at FEMA (the Federal Emergency Management Agency) ostensibly to discuss the upcoming hurricane season and FEMA's preparations.

 Trump welcomed each cabinet member in attendance with a brief comment on the job they were doing (only Attorney General Jeff Sessions was short-changed on laudatory comments from the boss) with the predictable sidebars having nothing to do with the topic at hand (e.g. the Black unemployment rate).

 Trump then then launched into a brief commentary about the "great people" and the "great job" that FEMA has done in recent disaster relief efforts. For a while he followed the script.  

 But then, suddenly, he let loose with his all too predictable extemporaneous "thoughts." Thoughts that were, simply, bizarre. He decided to single out the Coast Guard for special praise because, of all things, their "branding" (i.e. they are part of our armed forces, but he cares about their marketing prowess) and their courage in rescuing Texans,

increased branding---the brand of the Coast Guard has been something incredible what's happened. Saved 16,000 people, many of them in Texas, for whatever reason that is. People went out in their boats to watch the hurricane. That didn't work out too well." [Watch video here, emphasis added].

But the branding faux pas was the least of his strange thoughts.  

 At a cabinet meeting at FEMA, seemingly aimed to encourage and praise a federal agency before the most challenging part of its year---hurricane season Trump betrays what is so wrong with him and his dealings with the world. In performing what should be a straightforward and mundane task, the president of the United States couldn't avoid demonstrating his bizarre magical thinking---believing that something is actually so because he says it is so.  

 Trump's assertion that the Coast Guard rescued 16,000 people, many of whom went out to sea "to watch the hurricane"--- is simply not true, it never happened. Politifact rates it a "Pants on fire" falsehood. The Republican governor of Texas and sheriff of Harris County both wondered what Trump was talking about.

It's not an assertion that he needed to make as a debating point or to advance an argument he was in. It was a gratuitous comment that scarily offers an insight into how reckless and sloppy Trump's mind is.  

One has to wonder what animates the president to brazenly describe his fantasies and then to actually believe them. If you watch him make his claim, he appears genuine---reality is not an issue that he seems concerned about.  

 That magical thinking concurrently betrays his shocking lack of logical thinking.  

What normal, sane, fact-constrained individual would assume that thousands of people would take to their boats during a category 4 storm with winds blowing at 130 miles per hour to "watch the hurricane."  

It simply defies common sense. And if one heard it, normal folks---let alone the president of the United States---would do a little fact checking before making such a screwy assertion before the world.  

 But not Trump.

Trump seems to have no filter where logic intercedes before he makes an assertion; the tragedy is that those around him are all too eager to acquiesce to his crazy musings. He asserts, the heads nod and for those of his aides who have some modicum of common sense and attempt to do clean up-he decries and demeans them.

The video and transcript can't be cleaned up, his nuttiness is indisputable, Trump simply makes things up and thinks he is right.

 Fortunately, in this case, no one pays a price for his mendacity. But that same lack of rigor and logic are revealed in areas that matter to the country, to our security, to our democratic institutions and our future.  

The sycophants who surround him and the Congressional leaders who lack spine will someday have to see and declare that this emperor has no clothes. It is they who stand between us and disaster. As a wag once observed, "A lie has no power whatsoever by its mere utterance. Its power emerges when someone else agrees to believe the lie."

Karski & The Lords of Humanity

Two and a half years ago I had the opportunity to view a film that was being considered for an Academy Award nomination in the documentary category,
Karski and the Lords of Humanity. It was shown for one week to qualify for the nomination. I was lucky enough to view it.

At the time I wrote the below blog.

The film will be screened this Sunday at 4:00PM at Hillel at UCLA (574 Hilgard Avenue, Westwood). I urge you not to miss it.

Karski's story is an inspiring one----a model of courage, commitment to principle,
and moral rectitude. It chronicles the amazing acts of an individual who cared passionately about matters greater than himself. 

An much needed message in these troubled times when courage and a moral compass are in such short supply.

The link for making a reservation is here.


A Real Super Hero


    By David A. Lehrer                                                                                                    November 10, 2015

Hollywood and our culture seems to be fascinated by "super heroes" people who have "super" powers and do extraordinary deeds---rescuing people in danger, calling attention to injustice and pursuing fairness.

In the real world there are rare "super" heroes who do perform deeds but they have no "super" powers----just the same capacities as ordinary mortals. Many years ago, I had the opportunity to meet a real life "super" hero, Jan Karski, during my career at the Anti-Defamation League. His heroic life is the subject of a documentary that is the Polish entry in Academy Award contest for best documentary, and which will be screened this coming week in Pasadena.

Jan Karski is one of the most amazing heroes of the twentieth century---a member of the Polish underground during World War II who was a courier between the Polish government in exile (first in Paris and then London) and Poland under the Nazi occupation. Having been captured by the Soviets when Poland was divided in 1939 then captured and tortured by the Nazis he was by the age of 26 a veteran of the two major totalitarianisms that haunted the century.

Rather than retreat from the battle he determined to change history. Because of his photographic memory he was an especially valued courier. He was asked to assess the plight of the Jews in Poland before coming to London in October, 1942. To be as accurate as possible he was smuggled INTO the Warsaw Ghetto where he saw first-hand,

Karski, who was Catholic, was smuggled into the Warsaw Ghetto in 1942, as the Nazis were deporting hundreds of thousands of Warsaw's Jews to the gas chambers of Treblinka. Walking through the ghetto, he saw corpses piled in the gutter, emaciated children clothed in rags, and dazed men and women slumped against decrepit buildings.

When gunfire suddenly erupted, Karski's comrades hurried him into a nearby apartment. He watched as two uniformed teenagers with pistols came down the street. "They are here for the 'Jew hunt,'" Karski was told. Hitler Youth members would amuse themselves by venturing into the Jewish part of the city and shooting people at random.

Days later, Karski would travel to Izbica, in southern Poland, to witness Jews being delivered to a sorting station where they were robbed and stripped and then sent to the Belzec extermination camp.

Karski smuggled himself across occupied Europe (he had been caught and tortured on earlier courier missions and miraculously escaped) to Spain and then to London to report on what he had seen. He met with Foreign Minister Anthony Eden and sought a meeting with Winston Churchill (which was not granted). He traveled to Washington where he met with Jewish leaders, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter and ultimately, President Roosevelt.

He sought to impress upon the leaders the plight of the Jews of Europe,

This was not the first time FDR heard about the mass murder of Europe's Jews. For nearly a year, detailed reports about the killings had been reaching the White House. In fact, when American Jewish leaders had their very first meeting with the president on this subject, in December 1942, FDR told them he was already "well acquainted" with the massacres they described. But the meeting with Karski was the first time President Roosevelt encountered an actual eyewitness to the killings.

Despite Karski's harrowing first-person account of the atrocities, the president was not moved. FDR was, as Karski politely described it, "rather noncommittal."

Roosevelt viewed the suffering of the Jews as just another unfortunate aspect of what civilians suffer in every war. He did not believe it was justified for the U.S. to use any resources to rescue Jews from the Nazis. Nor did he want to have to deal with large numbers of rescued Jewish refugees, clamoring to be admitted to the United States.

After his meetings, in 1944, Karski wrote, Story of a Secret State, with a long chapter on the Holocaust in Poland. Karski felt that he had failed in wartime mission to awaken the world to action, but his actions were profound and unique.

Yad Vashem, Israel's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust, awarded its highest honor, Righteous Among the Nations, to Karski noting that, "he had incurred enormous risk in penetrating into the Warsaw ghetto and a camp, and then committed himself wholly to the case of rescuing the Jews." He was made an honorary citizen of Israel in 1994. In 2012, President Obama posthumously awarded Karski the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

You can see a preview of the movie here. He was an amazingly brave "super" hero whose life can help us reset our moral compass.


"An Era of Half-Witted Intolerance"

The civil rights and the human relations fields are unique in being arenas in which everyone is an expert. Having worked in this field for over forty years, I have yet to find someone who doesn't have an opinion about how race, inter-religious and inter-ethnic relations are faring.

In a diverse society such as ours, we all have experiences with other groups which entitle us to be mavens and to give expression to those feelings.

To make the field more fraught, there is inevitably an overlay of political attitudes that color people's assessment of the state of inter-group relations. Those on the left tend to paint a grim picture to spur the unmotivated into action to forge a better world. Those on the center right tend to focus on the progress that has been made in recent decades and dismiss evidence of intolerance as anomalous.

It is unusual to find a pundit who has a world view who transcends the orthodoxies of his political prism to offer a refreshing, honest and profoundly accurate assessment of trends in the world of intergroup relations, yet it happens.

The Washington Post has a superb column by Michael Gerson, former speech writer for President George W. Bush---"The Trump era is a renaissance of half-witted intolerance." It is a perceptive and revelatory assessment of how prejudice and bigotry work and how President Trump promotes an environment of intolerance.

Gerson rightfully dismisses the distraction of Trump's occasional rhetoric of acceptance of differences and tolerance. Today offered an example of Trump's sleights of hand. He pardoned an African American boxer who died in 1946, a feint towards tolerance; an act that suckers in far too people who miss the bigger picture of what Trump is causing.

Gerson makes clear that Trump's bigotry is not accidental or incidental, "Whatever else Trumpism may be, it is the systematic organization of resentment against outgroups. Trump's record is rich in dehumanization." For Trump resentment and the singling out of minorities is "an organizing principle and it has resulted in a series of radiating consequences."

Gerson explains the impact of Trump's invidious bigotry. It "has given permission for the shameful expression of shameful sentiments." And the increasing expression of bigotry has revealed the depressing silence of people who know better who ought to be forcefully rejecting the resentment and hate. It has revealed "the cowardice of a much broader faction within the GOP---those who know better but say little."

This truth is applicable beyond the GOP.

There are "civil rights" leaders in our community "who know better" yet ignore Trump's malign actions for personal or institutional reasons. Among the most prominent local apologists is the Simon Wiesenthal Center's Rabbi Marvin Hier. As a student of the Holocaust, he certainly knows what can happen when minorities are stigmatized and made the target of resentment by political leaders. Yet Hier simply chooses to ignore the lessons of history that his museum offers; like many leaders of the GOP, he can't seem to rush to Trump's side often enough, visibly acquiescing to his "half-witted intolerance."

Gerson asserts correctly that Trump's attitudes have also made the Republican party more xenophobic and granted permission to the fringe elements that have plagued the right for decades (McCarthyites in the 50s, John Birchers in the 60s); "Trump has not only given permission to those on the fringes; he has also changed the Republican mean to be more mean."

From Charlottesville and the neo-Nazis that Trump had trouble condemning to the fans of Alex Jones that he sidles up to, to the 4.2 million anti-Semitic tweets that were sent from some 3 million Twitter handles in 2017, to the incidents of incivility and violence that fill the news nearly every day-----Trump has empowered extremists to feel unburdened and unshackled, they have truly become "more mean."

Gerson's analysis is chillingly accurate and a reminder of the dangers of Trump beyond an incompetent foreign policy, the subversion of environmental protections, the erosion of democratic norms and constitutional protections, and whatever other realm he chooses to devastate; for all its other malfeasances, the Trump era is tragically also "a renaissance of half-witted intolerance."

Ignoring Hate---Trump Style

As with so much else over the past sixteen months, Donald Trump has managed to undermine the way bigotry is treated in the public eye.

For the past few decades, it has been a bit of ritual dance that gets played in the arena of civil rights: someone makes an offensive comment or acts in an overtly insensitive way and the furies of righteousness descend on the offender. The person apologizes, claims no offense was intended and everyone moves on.

Occasionally, when the offense is particularly egregious, the offender commits to “training” or a rehab program of one sort or another (addiction, diversity training, anger management, etc.).

It has been fairly rote, yet it imparts a lesson to the larger community that bigotry and prejudice are not cost free---that there are certain norms and expectations of conduct, especially if the person is in the public arena, that he/she is expected to adhere to.     

For most Americans, it has become an axiom that bigotry and uncivil behavior is unacceptable in public life. In fact, there is some justification for the view that political correctness (delineating what is acceptable and appropriate speech/action in the realm of race, ethnicity, sexual orientation or religious matters) has, on occasion, gone too far. “Micro-aggressions” and implicit bias constrict the limits on what is within bounds.

 If extreme sensitivity is on one end of the continuum, what we witnessed this week in the West Virginia Republican senate race---is on the other. The regression to a time of ignoring bigotry and the craven willingness to tolerate hate in the pursuit of other, “more important,” goals.

Don Blankenship, the convicted former head of Massey Energy, was a candidate for the Republican nomination for Senate this past Tuesday. Mercifully, he came in third and lost. But in his losing may have revealed more about Republican party leadership in the age of Trump than we care to know.

His campaign was an insurgent, anti-establishment one. He railed against the powers that be in Washington and the Republican party, with a special animus directed at Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.

McConnell made clear early on that he had one disfavored candidate for the Republican nomination, Blankenship, a man who had no chance of unseating the present incumbent, Democratic Senator Joe Manchin. Not unreasonably, McConnell calculated that a man who just got out of prison for crimes related to the death of 29 West Virginia miners in 2010 was not the ticket to retaining GOP control of the US Senate.

In response, Blankenship took on McConnell, and racism was his tool.

McConnell’s wife, Elaine Chao, is the Secretary of Transportation and is Taiwanese American (she was born in Taipei). Her father is James S.C. Chao, head of the Foremost Group, a large, New York-based shipping line, one of whose ships was found in Colombia to have cocaine hidden on board in 2014.

Blankenship repeatedly referred to McConnell as “Cocaine Mitch” and then made repeated references to McConnell’s and Chow’s “China family” and the senator’s purported efforts to “create millions of jobs for China people.”

Blankenship’s use of “China people” appears to be his bizarre attempt to be politically correct by being gender neutral; but “Chinaman” or “China people” are as offensive as the “N-word” or “kike.” His defense of his use of the term was nearly comical.

What is most distressing about this incident is not that there is someone as obtuse and bigoted running for office as Blankenship---that’s not news (even if he did garner nearly 20% of the vote). Rather, what is alarming is that the powers in the Republican party failed to label Blankenship for the bigot that he is.

Trump tweeted that the “Problem is, Don Blankenship, currently running for Senate, can’t win the General Election in your State” [sic]. For Trump, the problem isn’t the candidate’s bigotry, or his conviction for criminal conduct, or his manifest lack of leadership skills---it’s his odds of winning. Were he a more effective bigot, who knows what the president would write?

McConnell was similarly craven in his response to Blankenship’s bigotry (even though it was his wife who was pilloried). When asked about Blankenship’s racism, McConnell said that how he would characterize Blankenship’s ads would depend on what happened in the election, “Well, we’re going to find out what happens in West Virginia tonight, and I may have more to say tomorrow.” Apparently, if he had the Republican standard bearer to deal with, the ads would be deemed inoffensive. Bigotry is defined on a sliding scale.

Both President Trump and Senator McConnell condemned Blankenship for amoral, utilitarian reasons---because he would undoubtedly lose in the general election---not because he deserved to lose due to his bigotry. A bigot wasn’t ostracized for his hate and prejudice but for his ineffectiveness.

When evaluating bigotry depends on political winds and the effectiveness of its purveyor we have reason to be troubled; were he alive, George Wallace might yet be able to make a comeback.  



A Criminal Sin

By David A. Lehrer


 From his initial descent down the escalator at Trump Tower to his absence at the White House Correspondents' Dinner Trump has displayed on an uncanny ability to dominate the headlines in the American press. What Trump does, or doesn't do, manages to suck up virtually all the media's attention relegating context, explanations, and perspectives on the flow of events to a footnote in the coverage, if any mention at all.


On most issues, his musings and diatribes need little context for most people to discern their falsity-they are often blatant lies, exaggerations and mischaracterizations that are fairly obvious to anyone who is not a died in the wool trumpkin (here is an analysis of one of his "most comprehensively disproven tweets"). His now proven lies regarding payments to Stormy Daniels, his incessant  attacks on the FBI, the Justice Department, the intelligence community, Robert Mueller, James Comey, and anyone who disagrees withhim speak for themselves; no help is needed to decipher his victimized mind at play. He misrepresents reality at a rate of 6.5 untruths per day  (according to a study by the Washington Post) most of his lies are on topics that don't go to how Americans view themselves, their communities or their country. 

 What is more troublesome are his characterizations of complex issues where his untruths are harder to discern and their impact truly insidious. In particular, his negative narrative of crime in America is truly dangerous with serious and bizarre policy implications.

On the issue of crime, Trump's dystopian description of crime in America during his presidential campaign was particularly outrageous.

I'll be able to make sure that when you walk down the street
in your inner city, or wherever you are, you're not going to be shot....your child isn't going to be shot.

His constant refrain alleging rampant crime in American cities, his disdain for predominantly Black communities, his decrying of Mexican immigrants as murderers and thugs combined to gin up fear of crime across the country and provided a useful vehicle for his claim to be the savior who can keep us all safe.

His campaign rhetoric was topped off by his dark inaugural speech and the bizarre assertion that, "This American carnage stops right here and stops right now."

Where Trump's predecessors tried to calm fears and unwarranted anxiety (e.g. FDR's "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself") this president raises illusory boogeymen to stoke fear and division.

The reality of crime in America over the past few decades is precisely the opposite of the "carnage" scenario that the president has trumpeted. In a recent piece in The New Yorker, Adam Gopnik described what is really going on,

In the city [New York] where more than 2,000 people used to be murdered each year,                             328 were killed in 2014,the  lowest tally since the first half of the twentieth century."                       (Last year, the tally was still lower.) It wasn't just New York. Violent crime fell in Atlanta,               Dallas, Los Angeles, and Washington, and not by a little but by a lot.

More important, the quality of life changed dramatically, particularly for the most                              vulnerable. Sharkey, studying the crime decline in six American cities, concludes,                                         "As the degree of violence has fallen, the gap between the neighborhoods of the poor                             and nonpoor has narrowed." In Cleveland in the eighties, the level of violence in poor              neighborhoods was about seventy per cent higher than in the rest of the city; by 2010,
that number had dropped to twenty-four per cent. The reduction of fear allowed much                           else to blossom: "Subway cars, commuter lines, and buses in U.S. cities filled up, as                        residents and commuters became more willing to leave their cars behind and travel to                            and from work together.. . . Fans came back to Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, and just                              as many began to show up for night games as for day games." The big city was revived.                            From Portland, Maine, to Portland, Oregon, the transformation of America's inner cities                      from wastelands  to self-conscious espresso zones became the comedy of our time.

The data aren't hidden, this reality is being lived by most Americans (the overall crime rate in Los Angeles is the lowest it has been since the 1950s and 60s), yet Trump has embedded this pernicious notion of carnage into the psyche of many who have become increasingly fearful. Gopnik helps explain the phenomenon (watch his recent appearance on CNN here).

Yet little trace of this transformation troubles our art, or even much of our public discourse.                    Our pundits either take the great crime decline for granted or focus on the troubles
it has helped create, like high housing prices in San Francisco or Brooklyn.                                             Even when we pay attention to the comedy, we rarely look at the cause.


This lack of appreciation is partly a question of media attention-deficit disorder:                                      if there is little news value in Dog Bites Man, there is none whatever in Dog Does Not                           Bite Man. It is part of the neutral unseen background of events, even if there had                                previously been an epidemic of dog bites. But it's hard for those who didn't live                                   through the great crime wave of the sixties, seventies, and eighties to fully understand                          the scale or the horror of it, or the improbabilityof its end.

Not only do the media ignore what doesn't happen, there is little percentage in rational candidates questioning the claimed increase in the incidence of crime, no matter how minimal the rate. There are always victims with heart-rending stories, pointing out how anomalous crimes are wins few friends.

The media ignore the profound transformation, candidates avoid countering the hyperbolic assertions, advertisers for burglar alarm systems and security devices bombard the airwaves with commercial depicting break ins and violent crimes and all the while the numbers for those crimes remain at historic lows.

Gopnik speculates as to why we are experiencing this profound transformation,  

An epidemic of violence was resolved without addressing what were thought to                                            be its underlying disorders. We cured the crime wave without fixing "the broken                                          black family," that neocon bugaboo. For that matter, we cured it without greater                               income equality or even remotely solving the gun problem.
The story of the crime decline is about the wisdom of single steps and small sanities.                                 We could end cholera-in London, they did-without really understanding how                                        cholera bacteria work. We have curbed crime without knowing how we did it,                                  perhaps simply by doing it in many ways at once. It is possible to see this as a                                         kind of humanist miracle, a lesson about the self-organizing and, sometimes,                                          self-healing capacities of human communities that's as humbling, in its way, as any
mystery that faith can offer.


Given the transformation of America that we are living through what we need is a courageous politician to wake us up to this reality, to decry the demagoguery and dissembling that surrounds the issue and acknowledge that so much of our energy, resources and fears are incorrectly targeted.

Trump is manifestly not that politician---he is a good part of the ailment, he is clearly not the cure. 

Hollywood as a Barometer of Jews' Sense of Security

A frequently ignored fact about Hollywood, its images and messages is that it can serve as a barometer of the Jewish community and its feeling of belonging in America. The invocation of potentially anti-Semitic tropes at one point in our recent history can be viewed as insidious yet  may seem innocuous and hardly raise a hair in the community at a later time.

In recent decades most minority groups and women have become more sensitive to slights, insensitivity and even “micro-aggressions”----“political correctness” prevails. In contrast, the organized Jewish community has become less touchy, less inclined to call out certain behaviors that once were viewed as toxic. As Jews have become more comfortable and secure in their place on the American scene, they seem to be somewhat inoculated from the harm that might result from jabs and pointed humor.

In the mid-1970s, Norman Lear’s production company produced a hit television comedy series, "Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman." The program was a lighthearted look at a beleaguered heroine and her daily travails in the fictional town of Fernwood, Ohio. In one episode, a young friend of Mary's, Loretta, who was pursuing a career in entertainment as a country western singer, gets a big break and is flown to Hollywood to appear on the Dinah Shore Show (a fictional show within the show).

While cooking sweet potato pie, Loretta describes how pleasant all the people were whom she had met since she arrived in Hollywood (from “Mr. Raskin, to Mr. Julius the hairdresser, to Mr. Schwartz” the show’s producer), she expresses surprise that “they’s all Jewish, I couldn’t believe that this is the people what killed our Lord.” This particular program was nationally broadcast on, of all days, Good Friday (the commemoration of the crucifixion of Jesus).

The following Monday the calls came in to ADL offices across the country -- the community was up in arms not only about the invocation of the deicide charge and because of the timing of the broadcast during Holy Week but also because the program had become a craze  which reached an audience of millions----Mary Hartman had been on the cover of Newsweek magazine.

The fear -- expressed and implicit -- was that reminding Americans of the deicide charge, especially at Easter time, could result in hate and violence being directed at Jews in various communities across the country. A wellspring of bigotry might be tapped and be dangerous.

In my career in the Jewish community and dealing with civil rights, few events have provoked such a tidal wave of outrage.

I handled Hollywood related complaints for the Anti-Defamation League at the time and so I was charged with making representations to the producers, Norman Lear’s operation, about the broadcast.

We met with major personalities in Lear’s company at a reception for leaders of the ADL they hosted in the roof garden at Metromedia’s then new headquarters on Sunset Boulevard. We made clear that deicide was not a joking matter in general and that it was potentially incendiary when invoked during Holy Week. The producers and directors (virtually all of whom were Jewish) listened attentively and expressed their view that they thought Americans would get the humor of the dialogue and the inappropriateness of the comment. The pointed out that it was coming from a rube who was seemingly unaware of how offensive it was and that Dinah Shore’s shocked response (as well as the director’s pained expression) made the messaging clear and unambiguous.

The incident stood in sharp contrast to an eerily similar incident some twenty years later. The response across the country to the later broadcast was as different as one might imagine.

In 1996 or 97 the then new "The Daily Show"—pre-John Stewart---aired a segment about the Orthodox Jewish tradition of kaparot -- the High Holidays' ritual of grasping a live chicken, circling the carcass around one's head while reciting prayers to metaphorically transfer sins to the chicken. The Daily Show "news" item -- broadcast a day or two before Yom Kippur -- showed the ritual taking place in Jerusalem with a young hasid swinging the chicken while explaining the symbolism. Host Craig Kilborn then commented that "Jews used to swing young Christians, instead of chickens, before they got too expensive."

Unlike Mary Hartman Mary Hartman, there were a few isolated complaints coming in to the ADL about the humor. Some callers from disparate parts of the country, but no groundswell, no wave of indignation, no fear that anti-Semitism might result from the oddly timed attempt at humor.

The forces at play were manifold---entertainment had become more atomized; we weren’t all watching the same few channels. But there was also a difference in tone from those who complained---less anger and angst. Jews had become increasingly successful  and the community felt empowered by the increasing acceptance of minority religions, races and ethnicities, the demographics of America were changing at warp speed. The societal change in attitudes towards what constitutes an “offense” was dramatic and palpable in a mere twenty years.

When I received a copy of the videotape of the program I was prepared to go after Comedy Central---the home of The Daily Show---daring to invoke the “Blood Libel” charge on the eve of Yom Kippur seemed like an egregious act of insensitivity, if not rank anti-Semitism.

I watched the broadcast (having never seen the program before) and realized that a good deal of the humor of the show was in poking fun at minorities (racial and ethnic) and other unusual targets and that the entire “mockumentary” had a light touch. I realized that Jews couldn’t demand an exemption from being the butt of humor; Jews had come of age. They were not a disadvantaged minority that needed special protection from jokesters and satirist. The overwhelming majority of Americans wasn’t going to believe the Blood Libel because of a joke on The Daily Show---they got the humor.

Polls of Americans’ attitudes towards Jews and bigotry reflected the change that I had seen in the response to Hollywood. Polls in the 1960s and 70s found anti-Semitic attitudes among Americans hovered around a third of the public, by the mid-90s that percentage was down to a historic low of 12% of the American public.

I filed no complaint, there was no meeting with network execs there was no cause for concern, the community and its leaders felt unthreatened.

There are few instances in the past two decades, with the possible exception of Mel Gibson’s movie The Passion of the Christ in 2004, that have generated broad scale reactions of outrage and concern similar to what I witnessed in prior decades. Today, the majority of Jewish civil-rights groups’ complaints regarding insensitivity and anti-Semitism in the media appear to be centered on foreign broadcasts from Egyptian and Pakistani TV to European broadcasters---they offer a context and make American transgressions seem tame by comparison.

Times and attitudes have indeed changed.

Celebration, Commemoration and Disappointment By Dr. Michael Berenbaum* and David A. Lehrer

This year it has been an odd holiday season for many Jews. The joy of our celebrations has been marred by disappointment as we ponder the holidays’ themes and their implications for the world around us.

Our commemorations of suffering and slavery and then freedom ought and are meant to resonate in our activities in the real world.

As we celebrated Passover, we are instructed to feel as if we, ourselves, were slaves in Egypt. [Deuteronomy 24:18, “Always remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the LORD your God redeemed you from your slavery”]. The Passover Seder had us metaphorically re-experience the exodus—we consumed its symbols (the bitter herbs of slavery and Matzah, the unleavened bread eaten while fleeing) to make dramatic and personal the challenges and the implications of the journey from slavery to freedom.

The eight-day Passover festival has been supplemented by contemporary Jews with three more commemorations on the Jewish calendar, the first addition in more than a millennium.

Today we recollect the Holocaust, the annihilation of six million Jews with Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day). One week later Jews observe Israel’s Memorial Day and the sacrifice of its soldiers who defend the right of the Jewish people to be free. It is followed immediately by the celebration of Israel’s Independence Day – this year its 70th.

Most Yom HaShoa commemorations reference the indifference of the world to Jews and Jewish refugees. As the man who would become Israel’s first President, Chaim Weizmann, said in 1937 (eleven years before the creation of the state) the world was then divided “into places where the Jews could not live and places where they cannot enter.”

In the context of celebration and commemoration, with four holidays whose themes intertwine around freedom, moral responsibility and action we witnessed the prime minister of Israel reneging on an agreement with the United Nations. A pact that would have provided refuge in Israel, Europe and Canada to thousands of Africans who have sought asylum in Israel from persecution and violence and who face the threat of death if they are forced to return to their homelands.

Israel is a sovereign state that has the right and obligation to take care of its own, thirty-nine thousand refugees in a nation the size of Israel is not without issues; but the arrangement with the UN and other nations including Canada, Germany and Italy was a viable and fair resolution to the crisis. Yet Prime Minister Netanyahu cancelled the agreement within hours of endorsing it at the behest of right wing allies.

It is difficult to square our traditions and religious admonitions with the expulsion of desperate immigrants into a world where not only their freedom may be denied, but also their lives taken.

Some will commemorate the Holocaust today to largely teach that the “whole world is against us and only an empowered Jewish people that can defend itself will offer security and safety.” That is one lesson that can be drawn from the tragic events of seventy-five years ago; but surely not its only one.

The Holocaust is also a story that happened to a distinct people that has become a shared universal paradigm which speaks to human conscience. It ought to inspire active moral values, enlarge the domain of human responsibility, elicit compassion, and command respect for universal human rights and dignity. That was the core of the Jewish message transmitted by the survivors and by those millions of others who have become witnesses to their witness.

That message ought to be reflected in Israel, envisioned as a beacon to the world, a place that would not only give substance to Jewish nationalism and chauvinism but also to Jewish values. Values that reflect the Biblical injunctions on how to treat the stranger and the sojourner.  Having been history’s “wanderers” we should comprehend the real-world impact of ignoring the Bible’s noble commands.

Those values were diminished by the Prime Minister of Israel and those who pressured him to abrogate the agreement he had reached to resettle the thousands of African refugees.

Unfortunately, Prime Minister Netanyahu was not alone in diminishing history’s lessons and values. For on the very day that coincided with Easter and Passover the President railed against our strangers and sojourners. He demeaned foreign born children in our midst who have lived in America and are American in every sense of the term, save their citizenship papers.

Our holidays are marred by leadership who have ignored the lessons of history and the season and acted in ways as our tradition decried.

* Dr. Michael Berenbaum, is the Director of the Sigi Ziering Institute: Exploring the Ethical and Religious Implications of the Holocaust at American Jewish University.

Time for a Reality Check

The Forward

American Jews Need To Stop Crying Anti-Semitism — And Start Standing Up For Liberal Values

By David A. Lehrer                                                                                                            March 30, 2018

These can be trying times for American Jews. The ADL recently released data showing a 57 percent increase in anti-Semitic incidents since 2016 — and not just from white supremacists, either. Louis Farrakhan, head of Nation of Islam, continues to spew anti-Semitic remarks every chance he gets.

This has led many Jewish organizations to condemn anti-Semitism, contrary to what Jonathan Weisman wrote in a recent op-ed in The New York Times, entitled “Anti-Semitism Is Rising. Why Aren’t American Jews Speaking Up?” Weisman argues that Jewish leaders here in the U.S. “have been remarkably quiet, focused instead, as they have been for decades, on Israel, not the brewing storm in our own country.”

Weisman is wrong about American Jewish institutions and their leaders. They have consistently called out anti-Semitism on the left and the right. But he is right that Israel has been asking us to use our leverage to fight their battles.

Several major Jewish organizations, and the Israeli government itself, would have us believe that part of the upsurge in anti-Semitism in this country comes from the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement. They have asked that significant energy be expended by American Jews in countering BDS, a suggestion that many groups are following with passion. At the recent AIPAC policy conference, counteracting BDS was one of just three major policy points the attendees would press on their representatives in Congress.

Yet serious academic studies have found over and over that Israel’s booming, diverse economy is not vulnerable to a consumer boycott. A significant number of Israeli exports are in high demand, a trend that seems likely to continue, and most consumers would be unable to replace them or unwilling to stop consuming them altogether. BDS is clearly an issue, but it is not one of the top tier issues confronting the Jewish community — either here or abroad.

The study found that overall support for the Jewish state in the US is at the highest level ever recorded, at 64 percent (the same as it was in 1991 and 2013). In stark contrast to these numbers, Gallup found that support for the Palestinian cause was at just 19 percent.

The bulk of the increase in support comes from Republicans, with a rise in support for Israel from 59 percent in 2001 to 87 percent in 2018). But support also rose among Democrats (from 51 percent to 59 percent).

Amazingly, no one seems very interested in these positive results. It’s odd. When a competing study came out of the Pew Research Center a few months ago showing declines in support for Israel among Democrats, there were scores of op eds written about the crisis.

Perhaps organizations are wary of data that counter the narrative propounded by far too many domestic Jewish organizations and the government of Israel itself of a hostile world arrayed against the Jewish state, or of nefarious forces undermining support for Israel in hidden corners of the internet and on campuses.

Those threats do exist. But when it comes to Israel, they are apparently having limited success, as even 65 percent of 18-34 year olds support Israel.

Attitudes towards Jews in the U.S. are favorable as well. Pew studies over years of polling have documented not only Americans’ support for Israel but Americans’ profound admiration of Jews in general.

Despite neo-Nazis marching in Charlottesville, Virginia, chanting “Jews with not replace us” and Louis Farrakhan spewing hate in Chicago, Jews are the most admired religious group in America.

Major Jewish organizations need to digest the Gallup data and recognize that the greatest threat to Jews both at home and in Israel comes from within us, from our failure to embrace and sustain liberal values and ethical behavior that has long been the hallmark of Jewish life. With support among Americans at an all time high for Jews and for Israel, American Jews need to feel liberated to speak up for “liberal norms” and principles both domestically and in Israel, in the knowledge that there is a bedrock of support for Israel and American Jews in the body politic.

When the principles of rejecting bigotry, debunking conspiracy notions and protecting a free press are in jeopardy we need to speak out.

Under threat of anti-Semitism and anti-Israel sentiment, we understandably felt that we needed to be circumspect and circle the wagons. But with support for Jews and Israel higher than ever, it’s time for a reckoning. It’s time for the organized Jewish community to stop acting like a threatened minority and start acting like the successful, admired group that we actually are in America.


Conspiracies Suffuse the White House

Donald Trump has been obsessed with “fake news,” it is his go to excuse for facts he dislikes, for accusations he prefers to ignore or for assessments of the world that don’t comport with his.

In an unparalleled example of Freud’s projection theory, Trump constantly accuses news outlets of falsifying facts while he lies at an unprecedented pace.  His veracity is no longer an issue; as The New York Times’ Bret Stephens observed (and most thoughtful people realize), “truth for Donald Trump is whatever he can get away with.”

But there is a darker side to his inability to distinguish between truth and fiction and his lying about things for which there is demonstrable evidence---he tolerates and promotes insidious conspiracy theories that are truly dangerous. He seems unable or unwilling to recognize conspiratorial lies that posit hidden hands and mysterious manipulators pulling strings behind the scenes. Conspiratorial outlooks have been exploited for centuries to threaten and harm minorities, the weak and the unpopular. From Blood Libel to the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, from periodic allegations of “immigrant” crime waves to common assertions of  Black voters engaging in widespread fraud-----conspiracy theories have predictable, if not inevitable, targets.

Trump accepts conspiracy theorists with open arms.

During the campaign he had no compunction about praising Alex Jones ("Infowars"), one of the worst and most widely watched internet-tv extremists. Jones is not a run-of-the-mill political loon, he asserts, among other nonsense, that 9/11, the Oklahoma City bombing, the Sandy Hook elementary school murders and the Boston Marathon bombings were all “false flag” operations perpetrated by the federal government. The list of his bizarre musings is virtually endless.

He is the kind of unstable and extreme character that any respectable candidate with even a modicum of good sense would avoid at all costs. Not candidate Trump; during the campaign he appeared on Jones’ program and told Jones, “Your reputation is amazing, I will not let you down.”

Trump didn’t, and still doesn’t, understand what distinguishes mainstream political actors---liberal, moderate and conservative---from dangerous extremists; their disregard of facts, reason, civility, data and the absence of a capacity to compromise. Not only doesn’t he reject them—he embraces much of their modus operandi. For Trump----any viewpoint, if it suits his purpose, is as good as another---accuracy, verification, documentation are manifestly irrelevant; all opinions are potentially useful, no matter their pedigree or inaccuracy.

And this pernicious view of what is acceptable in our political lexicon pervades the views of those close to Trump---he’s not the only sloppy thinker.

The wacky views of his briefly serving National Security Advisor, Gen. Michael Flynn and his son (who was to be Flynn's chief of staff) are well documented and were precursors of what was to come.

Gen. Flynn was known among his staffers for “Flynn facts”---“his habit of making assertions that are not based in fact.” “Flynn facts” and a son with the intellectual vacuity to believe that Hillary Clinton ran a pedophile ring out of a Virginia pizza joint posed no hurdle to their appointment to positions of responsibility in the Trump regime. But for the criminal activity of Flynn senior, they would likely both be serving today in some of the highest positions in our government.

With the Flynn history known widely, it should have come as no shock that the president’s son, Donald Junior, has no greater capacity to distinguish absurd conspiracy notions from facts than his father or Flynn junior.

In the aftermath of the horrific murder of the students in Parkland, Florida Trump Junior had no compunction about “liking” a tweet promoting the absurd assertion that one of the surviving students, an articulate spokesman for gun control, was in fact a fabrication of “the mainstream media.” He “liked” another tweet promoted by a right-wing radio host that intimated that the Parkland youngster was part of a plot to protect the kid’s father, an FBI agent.

The Trump junior tweet is so telling not only because it confirms the familial penchant for absurd assertions but also because it comes from an individual who knows that every one of his keystrokes is being watched by the press, by critics and by those who will evaluate what he chooses to say or not say. He is not an idle social media user out to entertain a few friends. Nevertheless, knowing that he is in a fishbowl, he couldn’t resist expressing his support for truly insidious and groundless conspiracy notions.

As I wrote in late 2016 when the Flynn Junior story first broke,

This is about “reasoning” that accepts fantasy as fact and is willing to suspend intellectual rigor.

What is so troubling about believers in and trumpeters of “fake news” is their obvious abandonment of reason, discernment and good sense. The absence of intellectual honesty in failing to demand evidence and factual corroboration before repeating illogical conspiracy myths suggests a susceptibility to other forms of sloppy thinking and the willing vilifying of opponents. An ominous proclivity for those concerned about bigotry, civility, and a functioning government.

It has become clear in the more than thirteen months since Trump took office, that his lack of intellectual rigor, reason and discernment (as echoed by Trump Junior) reflect a rot in this administration that seeps down from the Oval Office to countless corners of the bureaucracy.

Conspiracy theories that flourish in this kind of environment undermine and threaten minorities and our society’s most vulnerable and are amplified by a complicit commander-in-chief.


Reason on Campus

This week UCLA's chancellor, Gene Block, issued a strongly worded statement regarding the planned speech of a political extremist on campus.

The speaker, Milo Yiannopoulos, is a British born former Breitbart reporter who was an ardent Trump supporter with connections to the alt right. His modus operandi is to provoke and prod and generate as much notoriety as possible. He has relished campus invitations where he could rail against political correctness and minorities and bask in the controversies and confrontations that follow.

His penchant for pushing folks' hot buttons has caused him serious problems. In 2016 he was banned from Twitter for "inciting or engaging in the targeted abuse of others." In a 2016 podcast interview he defended pedophilia.

He argued that sexual relations between thirteen-year-old boys and adult men or women can 'happen perfectly consensually', because some 13-year-olds are, in his view, sexually and emotionally mature enough to consent to sex with adults; he spoke favorably both of gay 13-year-old boys having sex with adult men and straight 13-year-old boys having sex with adult women. He used his own experience as an example (Wikipedia).

Needless to say, many of his speaking engagements were cancelled, he lost his position at Breitbart and a book contract evaporated after his "unusual" views became widely known.

His plan was to address the UCLA Republicans on the topic of "10 Things I Hate about Mexico." Early this week the young Republicans voted to cancel their invitation---stating that their "leadership was polarized."

There is little doubt that Yiannopoulos was not coming to UCLA to offer a travelogue about Mexico or a thoughtful critique of Mexico's political, social or intellectual communities. Rather, he seemed intent on living up to his reputation---as the Los Angeles Times wrote this week--- a "rabble-rouser."

In the wake of the decision to cancel, UCLA Chancellor Gene Block issued the kind of statement that, in my more than four decades in the civil rights field was all too rare. A firm explanation of the university's values, an acknowledgement that the students could invite whom they want (i.e. no censorship) but that a speaker like Yiannopoulos was coming primarily to "insult, demean and spark outrage.... not to engage in reasoned discussion."

Over the course of my career I have had occasion to speak to chancellors and university presidents beseeching them to speak up when bigots, neo-Nazis, David Duke types or other intolerant extremists---left or right wing---came on campus. The aim was not to ban them but to let the campus community know how antithetical bigotry and hate were to the principles of civil debate and reasoned discourse.

More often than not, administrators were reluctant to speak up for fear of provoking a militant backlash from the rabble-rousers and their friends. One prominent university chancellor informed me, "I'm not going to comment about it if I can't prevent it from happening." An odd notion of how education and moral leadership occurs.

It is especially refreshing to see an academic leader neither accede to demands to ban unpopular speakers nor be silent in the face of extremism and bigotry. It is a very fine line to tread and Chancellor Block seems to have done it in this instance. Tolerance of differing ideas is not the antithesis of having and expressing a moral position.

Block wrote,

Free speech and intellectual debate, even when uncomfortable, are critical for thriving communities. And yet some speech, although legally protected, is intended primarily to insult, demean and spark outrage among members of our community.

Recently a student group invited an outside speaker to give a talk on campus. The title of the talk referenced what the speaker "hated" about Mexico - a country with deep ties to our city, our state and our nation. This is also a country that is an important part of the heritage of many Bruins. The expression of disdain did not appear to be an attempt to engage in reasoned discussion, but rather a move by the speaker to gain notoriety through a mean-spirited, racially tinged publicity stunt. This kind of tactic and his rhetoric are totally contrary to our values. I was grateful to learn earlier today that the sponsoring student group decided to cancel the event.

As a prominent university, we will continue to be a target for such provocateurs. I hope we will all continue to resist such provocations and further nurture our campus culture, which values ideas over hatred.

Block's letter is especially timely. Today's Wall Street Journal has no fewer than two articles (here and here) about the challenge of promoting open intellectual inquiry in today's campus environment.



Community Advocates 'Very Valuable' Work

For nearly two years, Community Advocates (Joe Hicks and I) produced Kitchen Table Conversations for KCET (the then lead PBS station in LA) and its Life & Times broadcast hosted by Val Zavala. We produced nearly fifty segments in which advocates for opposing positions on tough issues would debate each other around my kitchen table.

The topics ranged from immigration to racial profiling from a border fence to a "dying middle class;" although the programs aired in 2006 and 2007 the issues seem as current today as then.

The experts ranged from Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Dan Neil to celebrated author Reza Aslan to UCLA law Professor Richard Sander, LA Times reporter Henry Weinstein to activist Najee Ali. Nearly ninety experts, all civil, articulate and well informed.

Our aim was to offer viewers an opportunity to hear experts explore a difficult issue in more than the usual soundbites offered on commercial tv during fast-paced and increasingly visually oriented newscasts. Our hope that viewers would appreciate the thoughtful discussions.

Apparently, they did.

This week a partner of Community Advocates on the public radio side of the media, Larry Mantle of Airtalk, interviewed our KCET partner, the treasured Val Zavala, on her retirement after thirty years on air at KCET. During the opening minutes of the dialogue, the following exchange occurred,

airtalk at 30.jpg

Larry M: I have so many different highlights of things you've done over the years. Your Kitchen Table Conversations---different perspectives, left to right, really got into local issues. You hear that all the time on national stuff but to hear that on local issues; people who respected each other, who weren't yelling at each other---that's something we try to do here on Airtalk. I find that very valuable.


Val Z: That was a wonderful chapter. That was David Lehrer of Community Advocates and Joe Hicks, God bless his soul, who passed now. We literally shot it in David's kitchen and we brought people from opposite sides and put them down and the idea was that people are honest when they are hanging out in a kitchen and so if we can create that atmosphere we can create a little bit more open and honest dialogue between different sides of various issues.

Community Advocates tried something innovative in fostering honest, engaging and vibrant debates for the public on complicated issues...and it worked. If after ten years, two of the leading broadcast journalists in Los Angeles cite those programs as "valuable...a wonderful chapter...a more open and honest dialogue"---then we succeeded.

An Evening Not to Miss

Don't miss what promises to be an informative and exciting evening----the Washington Post's Jennifer Rubin in conversation with former congressman Mel Levine and former supervisor Zev Yaroslavksy.

In partnership with Jews United for Democracy and Justice (JUDJ), Temple Israel of Hollywood, Valley Beth Shalom, Stephen S. Wise Temple, and the Jewish Journal we are presenting the third in our series of no-charge Community Conversations on The Challenges of Trump's America.

Ms. Rubin is an incisive analyst, with a rapier sharp pen, whose works appears in the Washington Post and increasingly frequently on MSNBC. She is a confirmed conservative (her column is entitled the Right Turn) yet she is a leading voice in the NeverTrump movement.

Please RSVP here.